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Updated: Thursday, 10 Nov 2011, 11:18 AM EST
Researchers Avi Loeb from The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and Edwin Turner of Princeton University have suggested just that. They proposed looking for aliens’ city lights could be a clue as to whether there’s life out there.
“Looking for alien cities would be a long shot, but wouldn’t require extra resources,” Loeb said in a statement . “And if we succeed, it would change our perception of our place in the universe.”
The theory does depend on assuming that aliens would have Earth-like technologies and that they would want to see in the dark, requiring them to have artificial illumination when it’s dark outside.
If it worked, science blog io9 stated, telescopes would pick up tiny fluctuations in light emitted from alien solar systems. There would be more light from the dark side than what’s seen from its day side.
The astrophysicists’ paper, submitted to Astrobiology , states that existing optical telescopes and surveys could detect artificially-illuminated objects equaling the brightness of a major terrestrial city in the outskirts of our solar system.
The center’s announcement suggested, for instance, that our best telescopes should be able to see light generated by a Tokyo-sized metropolis in the area occupied by Pluto, Eris and smaller icy bodies. If nothing else, it would be good practice for when astronomers have stronger telescopes in the future and can extend the search to other solar systems.
Space.com , in cooperation with Astrobiology Magazine, explained how Loeb and Turner came up with their theory. Loeb got the idea while at a conference in Abu Dhabi and hearing a tour guide to Dubai suggest the emirate was so bright at night that it could be seen by space.
“It’s not like I think there’s a baseball stadium on Pluto, but we need to drop all preconceptions about what alien civilizations do and search in every way we can,” he said.
Re-posted with permission from Alternative News Report on 8.4.2011
Copyright 2011-3011 Alternative News Report, All Rights Reserved. Re-posts are permitted leaving all content and copyright stamp, author, title and link-back intact. International copyright secured in perpetuity.
My readers are all used to my “newsy citizen journalist self” which reports, posts and comments on the flavor of the week in our national idiocracy. Mostly you all are not too familiar with my shamanic side, which I have mostly kept to myself for obvious reasons. Shamanism is defined in a hundred subjective ways and just the word itself make many uncomfortable. My own definition for shamanism is simple: “experiential spirituality.” That term opens a Pandora’s box of inexplicable experiences, and I can’t get into a lengthy post on “what is shamanism” just right now. Something else is more urgent to be shared and discussed.
For months I have been staring at the sun at all hours, especially early mornings and late evenings, trying to understand what felt and looked so oddly”wrong.” [ Don’t worry I own every type and variety of heavy dark lens sunglasses known to man. ]
Something is very wrong. Or might I just say something is VERY different about the sun. Not only does the sun look nearly 15 to 25% larger, whiter and brighter in the early mornings and late evenings, but damn it, the sun is not setting in the right place for June, July and August on the west coast of North America. It’s setting too far north. I have debated my own possible madness as I have studied where the sun is, as opposed to where it ought to be for this time of year.
[Stop! Do not send me irate comments about the science of the seasonal tilt of the sun annually, as the earth’s rotational north / south axis wobbles. I know all about that!! This is something different.]
Nights at 3 am you will find me standing outside my house in the dead still of night, craning my neck, intently studying the position of the Milky Way galaxy as it sprays across the night sky. Problem is, once again, it’s not spraying out in the “appropriate” direction for summer in the northern latitudes. I have been staring at the night sky from some sort of wilderness location all my life. Why is the Milky Way now in the wrong position for summer?
While I have quietly debated my own sanity over the past few months, I have also experienced another re-occurring phenomenon that defies all explanation other than “shamanic” and / or energetic oneness aka some sense of a literal vibrational attunement with the planet. [God how I hate to use such language, which makes me sound like some new age nut from Sedona, which I am not! I’m a business woman, pragmatic to a fault, analytical, cautious and I eschew all “woowoo-wahwah” sounding semantics, as I have had to listen to so much of it in my life. Big heavy sigh of hilarity. Here goes.]
At night right as I am falling asleep, there is a re-occurring phenomenon that began happening to me in mid-March of this year. The first time it happened I sat straight up in bed, convinced I had experienced a mild earthquake. When I went to the internet the next morning, there had been a 4.9 earthquake all right, but it had been nearly 675 miles to the south of me, down in southern California, in Baja. It should have been physically impossible for me to feel that quake. Oddly, not only did I feel the quake, but I had precognited that it had come from the south. I knew it was far from me, but I assumed the San Francisco basin or close-by.
OK. I felt a small quake when that should not have been possible from 675 miles away. But it gets odder. After that quake experience, I began to have another experience right on it’s heels. It began that same night, just a few minutes later.
This feels really odd even trying to explain what this felt like. Ummm. Whew, Embarrassing. OK. The only way I know how to say this was that after “feeling” the 4.9 Baja earthquake, I suddenly had a new ability, and it’s not one I had asked for, although I am very deeply grateful for it now. I was lying on my stomach wide awake and thinking over what it felt like to literally feel the earth shivering and shuddering all the way through the floor. Suddenly I realized that the earth was still moving, and that I could still feel it. This movement felt like a surging powerful river of “something” that was grinding and gurgling deep underneath the surface of the earth. This could also be likened to a boiling, roiling feeling, similar to an angry storm surf. Whatever this roiling and boiling was, or is, it is slowly altering the earth’s surface in infinitesimal degrees. I cannot tell you HOW this is happening, but I know it is happening.
As bizarre as all this sounds, there is a relationship between the deep “roiling and boiling” river of “something” which is roaring beneath the earth’s crust and the oddly askew positions of the sun and stars in the northern latitudes. I can’t tell you how I know that either, but my soul has done the math on it. And knows.
For months now, each night as I fall asleep, a part of me “falls into the earth” where I experience this deep inner “roiling, churning and boiling” that is going on beneath the earth’s surface. This is as physical and literal to me as standing on the beach feeling the wind and watching the surf roll churn and boil.
I’m NOT trying to wax “green” or give an environmental speech here. But I can say this with certainty. Our earth has a consciousness and that consciousness is deeply off center and is terribly pressured and distressed. This I know. This “roiling and boiling” is some sort of monumental effort to right itself and come back into proper rotational stasis. This I also know. Can’t for the life of me tell you how.
Even though this post is presently an unfinished work, I am posting it and will add more to it soon. There is more to tell here. I just need to get “spiritual clearance” so to speak, from within, before I spill more beans.
Tonight I found some things that helped me to realize that it’s not just me. Something IS different. Others are seeing and noting this too. Here’s what the Inuit and some others are saying about it. I want to let readers know that there are most likely hundreds of these videos pouring onto Youtube, so many that it would take pages and pages to post them all. Luckily there are so many that there is NO WAY YT can censor all of these. I found dozens and dozens and dozens of these. I only posted a few. Stop and think that over. It’s another manifestation of global unity consciousness. That I do absolutely know.The wisdom of the average man and woman comes bubbling up, for those who have eyes to see. People are noticing something and so they record and upload it.
Have a look. This is a topic I will return to many times with many more updates. See below.
Chase Kyla Hunter 8.3.2011
Copyright 2011-3011 Alternative News Report, All Rights Reserved.Re-posted with permission to Photonic Portal 2037, 6.18.2011
Superman, resting and re-charging in his fabled icy northern cave of Kryptonite super crystals, to restore his super-powers, might actually envy this location for a top-secret home instead. You simply must see this to believe it. Anyone who knows just a bit about the electromagnetic and spiritual drawing and power of crystals would have to stand in stupefied awe of this discovery. Just take a look.
Copyright 2011-3011 Photonic Portal, All Rights Reserved.
Repost courtesy of www.wired.com:
If these honeybee blues are interpreted as they would be in dogs or horses or humans, then insects might have feelings.
Honeybee response “has more in common with that of vertebrates than previously thought,” wrote Newcastle University researchers Melissa Bateson and Jeri Wright in their bee study, published June 2 in Current Biology. The findings “suggest that honeybees could be regarded as exhibiting emotions.”
Bateson and Wright tested their bees with a type of experiment designed to show whether animals are, like humans, capable of experiencing cognitive states in which ambiguous information is interpreted in negative fashion.
Of course, unlike unhappy people, animals can’t say that the glass is half-empty. Researchers must first train them to associate one stimulus — a sound, a shape, or for honeybees, a smell — with a positive reward, and a second with a punishment.
Then, by prompting the animals with a third, in-between stimulus, it’s possible to assess their outlook. Like a depressed person seeing hostility in a neutral gaze, pessimistic animals tend to treat that uncertain stimulus like a punishment.
Such tests might seem simplistic compared to the richness of human emotion, but they’re the most objective available tool for comparing cognition across species. And pessimism is no mean feat: It’s a form of cognitive bias, considered in humans to be an aspect of emotion. You can’t be pessimistic if you don’t have an inner life.
Earlier research has found rats and dogs capable of pessimism. Bateson has also documented pessimism in starlings. But though honeybees have passed tests of pattern recognition and spatial modeling, the idea of feelings occurring in their sesame-seed-sized brains is generally considered unlikely, if not downright laughable.
“Invertebrates like bees aren’t typically thought of as having human-like emotions,” said Bateson, yet honeybees and vertebrates share many neurological traits. “Way, way back, we share a common ancestor. The basic physiology of the brain has been retained over evolutionary time. There are basic similarities.”
Until now, though, they hadn’t been tested. Bateson and Wright trained their honeybees to associate one scent with a sugary reward and another scent with bitterness. Then they shook half their beehives, mimicking a predator attack. Afterwards, shaken bees still responded to the sugary scent, but were more reluctant than their unshaken brethren to investigate the in-between smell.
Further analysis of the shaken bees’ brains found altered levels of dopamine, serotonin and octopamine, three neurotransmitters implicated in depression. In short, the bees acted like they felt pessimistic, and their brains looked like it, too.
“The methodology is sound,” said Lori Marino, an Emory University evolutionary neurobiologist who was not involved in the study. “I don’t think it’s a stretch to say that they are tapping into bee emotions. After all, every animal has to have emotions in order to learn and to make decisions. And we already know from many other studies that bees are really cognitively sophisticated.”
But Bateson said the results could be interpreted another way. “Either bees have feelings, or cognitive bias isn’t as tightly correlated with feelings as we thought,” she said. “Maybe cognitive bias is not a good measure of emotion.”
In future studies, Bateson hopes to elicit from honeybees other forms of apparent emotion, such as happiness. She also wonders about the mental effects of chemicals and disease.
“It would be interesting to know if pesticides were altering their cognition, creating states similar to depression,” she said.
Image: Jack Wolf/Flickr
- Chimps: Not Human, But Are They People?
- Whales Might Be as Much Like People as Apes Are
- Video: Elephants Lend a Helping Trunk, Pass Cooperation Test
- How to Have Fun Like Monkeys, Whales and Foxes
- Sperm Whales May Have Names
- New Doubts Raised About Potential Bee-Killing Pesticide
- Leaked Memo Shows EPA Doubts About Bee-Killing Pesticide
- Bee Colony Collapse May Have Several Causes
Citation: “Agitated Honeybees Exhibit Pessimistic Cognitive Biases.” By Melissa Bateson, Suzanne Desire, Sarah E. Gartside, and Geraldine A. Wright. Current Biology, June 2, 2011.
- Honeybees Might Have Emotions (wired.com)
- For stressed bees, the glass is half empty (eurekalert.org)
- For stressed bees, the glass is half empty (sciencedaily.com)
- A World Without Bees (thistimethisspace.com)
- Some interesting facts about bees (interflora.co.uk)
- Swarms Of Honey Bees Popping Up In Parts Of New York City (newyork.cbslocal.com)
- How Marketing May Save London’s Bees (fastcompany.com)
- Rapture Proves False For Honeybees, Too–Not Harold Camping’s Fault (fastcompany.com)
- Fibonacci Numbers and the family history trees of honey bees! (cumpstonresearch.wordpress.com)
- Bee vs Mobile Phone: Electromagnetic Fields Confuse Honeybees (treehugger.com)
Copyright 2011-3011 Photonic Portal, All Rights Reserved.